Aspergillosis in Dogs
Aspergillosis in dogs is a fungal infection of the nose and sinuses. Though it can be difficult to diagnose, early detection and treatment are critical with this potentially damaging infection. Aspergillosis usually affects the nasal cavity and respiratory system, It may then spread throughout the body.
Dogs with long noses are most susceptible, dogs such as Shepherds or Collies. Eighty percent of all cases happen to dogs under seven years old. German Shepherds are more susceptible to this infection than other breeds.
Symptoms of Aspergillosis
Symptoms may include open sores around the nostrils, weight loss, lethargy, fever a pus-like discharge from the nose and discomfort or obvious pain around the nose or face.
Diagnosis of Aspergillosis
GID and ELISA blood tests have provided accurate results and biopsies from the infected area are also helpful in making a diagnosis. When a dog has a nasal discharge and bleeding, it is essential thats tumours and aspergillosis be differentiated. In the case of tumours, there are rarely ulcerations on the nose and nasal pain is unusual, though quite common for aspergillosis.
Treatment of Aspergillosis
Treatment of aspergillosis with systemic drugs and sometimes surgical scraping of the nasal passages is involved, expensive, and of long duration. Iodine flushes have been used with some success followed by systemically administered drags such as ketoconazole, thiabendazole, or itraconazole. A newer approach involves anesthetizing the patient and infusing the topical anti-fungal drug Lotrimin (clotrimazole) into the sinuses under pressure. A study has reported a ninety-four percent success rate.
The transfer to humans is not a concern with Aspergillosis.
Related articles include: